What is Periodontitis ?

Periodontitis is a gum disease that is usually present when the teeth appear loose. Since there is a loss of bone volume and bone quantity surrounding teeth roots, teeth become loose. Prolonged untreated gingivitis may lead to periodontitis. Other factors, such as medications and genetic predisposition, may also lead to periodontitis.

You should consider visit your periodentist if you have one or more of the following

• Red and swollen gums
• Bleeding gums upon brushing or eating
• Receding gums (teeth appear longer than before)
• Loose teeth or teeth are drifting apart
• Pus discharges from gums or between gums and teeth
• Mouth sores
• Persistent bad breaths
• Change of bite (teeth are not fitted together as they used to be)
• Loose dentures

Non-Surgical Periodental Treatment

Non-surgical periodontal treatment is the least invasive method to maintain good oral health. It consists of scaling and root planing. Scaling is mainly cleaning teeth surfaces that are exposed above the gums. Root planing, on the other hand, is removing plaques and calculus from teeth root surfaces and is commonly performed on patients who have deep pockets. Pockets are spaces created between gums and teeth when gums are swollen or when teeth-surrounding bone is lost.

Periodental Surgeries

Periodontal Surgeries are surgeries used to help alleviate the periodontal diseases. They include:

• Pocket Reduction Procedures – reduce pockets to facilitate maintenance of oral hygiene
• Gum Graft Surgery – increase gum attachment by placing grafts on receding gums
• Regenerative Procedures – regenerate bones and tissues by using bone grafts and membranes
• Dental Crown Lengthening – improve esthetics of tooth when too much gum is covering the tooth.